A wine for a king

The vineyard of ”Domeniul Coroanei” covers 277 hectares. The location in an amphitheater open to the south ensures a record number of hours of sunshine per vegetation cycle (from the first buds in spring to hibernation). The soil consists of a layer of chernozem, under which there is a layer of limestone, then a former seabed, this structure providing the wine with the acidity that perfectly complements the character of well-ripened fruits of wines.

Winemaking is an old occupation throughout the Oltenia region, including the Segarcea area. There are documentary attestations since 1547 of the fact that, on the place where ”Domeniul Coroanei” is situated today, there was a secular vineyard cultivated by the monks of the Segarcea hermitage. The cultivation of vines and the production of wine in the Segarcea area (Dolj county) is mentioned in writing since 1557 in a document by which Pătrașcu cel Bun, Mihai Viteazu’s father, gave as dowry to his daughter Maria ‘Segarcea’s lands’, the vineyards and wines here hence being well known at the time.

After the proclamation of the Kingdom, a Crown estate was created, consisting of 12 state estates. Of these 12 estates, the one in Segarcea was the only one whose agronomists and viticulturists, due to its location and existing pedoclimatic conditions, gave it the purpose of vine cultivation.

In the last decade of the 19th century, all the vineyards in Romania were affected by phylloxera, a microscopic parasite that destroys the roots of the vine. For this reason, a nursery originally operated here, in which more than 60 grape varieties, local or international, were propagated to serve for replanting in the regions affected by the plague.

For the replantings made between 2005 and 2008, in a loop over time, the plants were taken from the Couderc family. During this period, the most valuable clones of Romanian varieties were chosen, as well as valuable international varieties, adequate to the conditions in Segarcea (soil, average annual temperatures, precipitation and insolation).

Thus, Segarcea proved to be a second home for the sun-loving grapes, such as Touriga Nacional and Marselan and one of the few places where Viognier or Cabernet Franc have given remarkable results. And along with these we have – with treasure value – a truly unique grape in the world: ”Tămâioasa Roză”, a descendant of the Muscat Frontignan, saved from a corner of the vineyard, where a few century old stubborn vines survive.